J. Phys. Colloques
Volume 49, Numéro C8, Décembre 1988
Proceedings of the International Conference on Magnetism
Page(s) C8-2099 - C8-2103
Proceedings of the International Conference on Magnetism

J. Phys. Colloques 49 (1988) C8-2099-C8-2103

DOI: 10.1051/jphyscol:19888945


S. Senoussi1, M. Oussena1, C. Aguillon2 et P. Tremblay3

1  Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Université Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay, France
2  Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France
3  Laboratoire de Géochimie des Roches Sédimentaires (UA 273) CNRS, F-91405 Orsay, France

An extensive investigation of the magnetic and transport properties of the new high-Tc superconductors is reported. The magnetic cycle of granular materials is characterized by a low field (H < Hc1) structure which is shape dependent whereas the high field magnetic cycle is shape independent. On the contrary, single crystals show no low-H structure but a shape dependent magnetization at high field. The magnetic critical-current density deduced from the high-field cycle is about the same (~ 106 A/cm2 at 4.2 K) in the two materials. The transport current (~ 103 A/cm2at 4.2 K) is related to the low-H magnetic cycle by a Silsbee-like rule and is governed by the Josephson-junctions between the grains. The above data are interpreted in terms of a simple model based on the Ferrell-Prange and Ambegaokar-Baratoff equations and on the critical state concept.